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EMERGING INVASIVE SPECIES

2016


There are new emerging Invasive species that could threaten the North Country where we live. The three invasive species are identified as the Spotted Lanternfly or Lycorma Delicatula, the Crazy Worm or Amynthas Agrestis and the Aquatic plant called Hydrilla or Hydrilla Verticillata (AKA - water thyme).

The Environment department has been busy with the monitoring of the invasive species which include Emerald Ash Borer, Asian Gypsy Moth, Asian Long Horned Beetle and the Exotic Bark Beetle. Projects are under way for preparation of the Emerald Ash Borer arrival. Our Forest Tech is currently working on two areas that will reduce the Ash tree population to 20 percent so when the Emerald Ash Borer does get here it won’t be so devastating to our forests when the Ash trees die off. Other trees will be planted in place of the Ash trees. The Emerald Ash Borer has been identified as being as close as Cornwall Island.

Lantern Fly

The first new emerging species that was identified is the Spotted Lantern Fly. The Lantern Fly is a native to China, India and Vietnam. This invasive was first identified in Berks County in the state of Pennsylvania on September 22, 2014. The quarantine zones currently cover 4 counties in Pennsylvania. Berks County is located on the eastern part of Pennsylvania just above Philadelphia and below Binghamton, NY. This invasive is dangerous to our trees, it is attacking 25 different species of trees in Pennsylvania. The favorite tree to go to for this Invasive is the Tree of Heaven or Paradise Tree which is an Ornamental tree and is not native to our land. The bad news is their 2nd favorite is the Sugar Maple. Other trees that they like is Apple trees, fruit trees and grape vines.

 
Crazy Worm

The 2nd new emerging species that has been identified is the Crazy Worm. This invasive species is a native to East Asia. This invasive has been reported to have 5 different infestations in Warren County, NY. The first infestations started in Wisconsin and Minnesota. These worms are known to be highly destructive to the forest eco-systems and are noted for their aggressive snake like thrashing behavior. The worm can shed their tails when caught and can grow up to 8 inches long. There are marked with a distinct white band around their body. They can also reproduce twice as fast as the Night crawler worm can.

 
Hydrilla

The final major invasive species identified is an aquatic plant called Hydrilla. (I know it sounds like Godzilla but this plant does much more damage than Godzilla ever could.) The proper name of it is Hydrilla Verticillata or otherwise known as Water Thyme. This plant is native to India but has now reached the NY waterways. The invasive plant is dangerous because it can grow in deeper areas of water (up to 25 feet deep) where native plants cannot grow. The plant is known as the world’s worst aquatic invasive plant. It will displace native plants by blocking the sunlight to them and it will kill fish by decreasing oxygen levels. Thick mats of this species can obstruct boating, swimming and fishing. The best way to help prevent the spread of Hydrilla is to make sure you use clean boating techniques. Plant fragments can start an infestation.

For more information on these invasives or if you happen to see any of these invasives, please contact the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe Environment Department at 518-358-5937 or look up www.nyis.info.

Niawenko:wa
Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe - Environment Department

 
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Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe Environment Division Posted: 2016.02.05
http://www.srmtenv.org/index.php?spec=2016/02/forestry/emerging-invasive-species-2016